The sixth in a series of preliminary meetings of the 2nd International Conference on the Decline of the United States: The Post-American World, was hosted by the conference secretariat on “Emerging Multipolarity and the Rise of Non-Western Theories of International Relations. âDr Yousef Azizi, foreign policy analyst, attended the meeting and delivered a speech.
Dr Azizi quoted John Mearsheimer as saying that two years before the collapse of the Soviet Union at the end of 1991 two countries, France and England, were really concerned about the reunification of Germany because they did not want to from another powerful country in Europe. Taking this incident as evidence, Azizi stressed that the notion of democracies that never fight, and always behave well and safely, is not true.
He thought it was an ambiguous period in international politics, similar to the 1990s, saying it was difficult for most Americans to get used to the idea of ââthe absence of a Cold War because, since 1945, the Americans were born into a Cold War culture. âIn the 1990s,â Azizi argued, âthe powerful enemy, the Soviet Union, was being defeated, but the American military-industrial complex wanted to show that the world was still dangerous. America has more than 800 bases outside of the United States, as it wanted to expand more and more towards the Russian border.
Now, regarding what happened in the United States, “we see that Generation Z that was born in the 21st century witnessed the American failure in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, the global economic crisis in 2007. and 2009, the rise of Trump and Trumpism, which includes hatred, racism, and radicalism in Western society, and, more importantly, the betrayal of the Liberal Democrats and their governors in dealing with their own national issues and global crises like climate change, âhe continued.
Azizi believed that we needed to have a non-Western theory or theories of international relations that could work in a multipolar world. And if we are not prepared for this moment, Western-minded academics would fill the void with their ridiculous and short-sighted ideas like what happened in the 1990s.
He referred to the fact that non-Western theories of international relations differ from realism and believed that the concept of power politics would not change much and that the main concepts of all states are power and security. He said that what happened during the 20th and early 21st century is unjust and catastrophic for human beings and hoped that the coming world order would be synonymous with security and prosperity for all the nations of the world. world.
He went on to say that the decline of the United States has already started since the beginning of the 21st century, when the United States invaded Afghanistan and Iraq. Americans believed that they could project their democracy, ideas, and liberal order into every country in the world regardless of context, culture, history, beliefs, people, religion, etc. of these countries, then they headed for crises, including an economic crisis. .
Azizi asserted that the United States is in decline, âbut we shouldn’t underestimate that. We need to organize meetings with academics from Russia, China, Iran, Venezuela and countries affected by US sanctions and further discuss these issues in all their aspects and not just economic or security, in order to find more tools to challenge the international community of the United States. order.”
âIn military terms,â he added, âChina and Russia can challenge the United States. Economically, China can challenge the United States, but it is still necessary to establish an independent international financial organization between these countries, or even rally certain European countries to challenge the hegemony of the United States in the world. And it’s a very powerful tool.
Azizi believed that the media are also very important, especially the mainstream media. In the American media, we mainly talk about the phobia of China and the phobia of Russia. âAnd we have to find how to handle it in international politics,â he said.
Dr Azizi spoke of a concept created after World War II, “America’s pacifier from Europe,” which means America is like a pacifier for European countries and they need it. America as a potential security force. He believes that European countries need another independent military force rather than NATO, which depends on American forces. And European countries have the potential to be another very strong power in the future new order. But they should break free from American hegemony over their financial and security institutions.
âEconomically, China is growing very fast,â Azizi said. âIt will soon overtake the United States in 2030, and Russia’s military might has been one of the most significant challenges for the United States. On the other hand, in the Middle East, Iran is one of the most powerful countries without which no crisis in the region will be resolved. So these countries should sit down together and find a way for the future world order. “
Azizi then referred to Professor John Mearsheimer’s three speeches at Yale University on the failure of liberal hegemony and liberal international order. He said that over 20 years America has spent over $ 10 trillion in Afghanistan and Iraq, but in the end it won nothing.
Regarding the different ideas and origins, he said that liberalism does not respect everything, and when applied to the international order, he wants every state to behave the same and obey its rules in all aspects of human life such as economy, politics, culture, media, etc. But they have adopted a double standards policy because we see that these rules do not apply to America and Israel and they can easily reject them and justify their position. Thus, liberal hegemony is doomed to failure.
âIt is very important that we are not mistaken when something is happening in America,â he added. âTrump left and Biden came, but nothing has changed. Countries like Iran, Russia and China should come together and find some kind of long-term comprehensive relationship very soon so that they don’t let western countries dominate the international arena again.
Asked about the confrontation with China, Azizi recalled that former US President Carter told then President Trump: âDuring these 40 or 50 years of US-China relations, we have been at war all the time except for two years and the Chinese have never been warm except for two years. That is why they can challenge the United States in all aspects.
âObama knew that in dealing with Iran, you cannot put everything on the table at the same time,â Azizi concluded. âWe have to go step by step and build trust between the two countries after 30, 40 years of animosity. But Trump was a businessman and didn’t understand this. He did not understand Iran’s regional power and how the Iranians can handle and overcome sanctions. This is also the case of Joe Biden who wanted to meet very quickly with Iran on regional issues. And this is one of the main obstacles to negotiations. There is a way to discuss regional issues with America. But they must ensure that they will no longer withdraw from the JCPOA and impose no more sanctions on us and that we can derive benefits from the JCPOA.
The 2nd International Conference on the Decline of the United States: The Post-American World will be held on November 2, 2021 by Imam Hussein Comprehensive University and the Secretariat of the Discernment Council of Opportunity, in cooperation with universities and institutes of research.
For more information, interested parties can visit the conference website at www.usdecline.ir and the conference secretariat virtual pages on social media at @usdecline.